Would the alternative have been better? For Western Europe, perhaps yes, but who will say then that a triumphant Hitler, fresh from the conquest of the Soviet Union, could resist the urge to target his co-signers of this fateful agreement? Germany first tried to manufacture a nuclear weapon in 1939, and there is nothing to say that the country would not have resumed its nuclear program after the East had been enslaved. Instead of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear bombs may have fallen on London and Paris. There can never be absolute certainty that there will be a fight if a party is determined to give in completely. When we read the words of Munich, when we see what is happening hour by hour in Czechoslovakia, if we are sure, I am not saying parliamentary approval, but parliamentary tolerance, If the Chancellor of the Exchequer makes a speech that tries in any case, the fact that, finally, it was inevitable and, indeed, just: if we say all this , and all on this side of the House, including many members of the Conservative Party, who keep vigilance and carefully national interests, it is clear that nothing was at stake as far as we are concerned, it seems to me that we must ask ourselves: what was all the effort and the agitation? I do not salute our loyal, courageous people, who were ready to do their duty, whatever their cost, who never grimaced under the pressure of last week – I do not tell them the natural and spontaneous outburst of joy and relief when they learned that hard torment would no longer be demanded of them at this moment; But they should recognize the truth. Be aware that there has been gross negligence and lack of negligence in our defences; they must know that we have suffered a defeat without war, the consequences of which will take us far in our path; they must know: That we have taken a terrible step in our history, while the whole balance of Europe is disfigured, and the terrible words have been uttered for the time being against Western democracies: an agreement was reached on 29 September, and against 1.30 .m. on 30 September 1938, Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Benito Mussolini and Edouard Daladier signed the agreement of Monk. The agreement was officially put in place by Mussolini, while the Italian plan was almost identical to Godesberg`s proposal: the German army was to complete the occupation of the Sudetenland by 10 October and an international commission should decide the future of other controversial territories. The slogan “Above us, without us!” (Czech: O n`s bez n`s!) sums up the feelings of the Czechoslovakian population (Slovakia and the Czech Republic) towards the agreement. [Citation required] On its way to Germany, Czechoslovakia (as the state was renamed) lost its reasonable border with Germany and its fortifications. Without it, its independence became more nominal than more real. The agreement also caused Czechoslovakia to lose 70% of its steel industry, 70% of its electricity and 3.5 million citizens to Germany.  The Sudeten Germans celebrated what they saw as their liberation.
The impending war, it seemed, had been averted. The most interesting answer is what would have happened if Hitler had refrained from performing Case Green: more interesting because it is good to highlight counter-factor aspects of a historical event that might otherwise be overlooked.